DEPRESSION DUE TO HORMONAL IMBALANCE
Hormonal imbalance occurs when hormone secretion in your body is disrupted which causes depression, anxiety, headaches, and other problems.
WHAT IS THE LINK BETWEEN HORMONES AND DEPRESSION?
Hormone level fluctuates throughout your life, particularly during the stages like puberty or menopause. Endocrine glands are responsible for creating, storing, and releasing hormones throughout the body to ensure everything stays balanced. So these glands also work to maintain the body’s hormone level if something happens to alter or affect your endocrine gland there will be a sudden non-sync in the hormone level.
HORMONES THAT ARE ASSOCIATED WITH DEPRESSION
Cortisol is made by the adrenal glands and secreted in response to stress. This is why it’s called the stress hormone. Elevated levels of cortisol can lead to clinical depression.
The thyroid gland produces many hormones in the body including neurotransmitters like serotonin, dopamine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). These neurotransmitters are involved with mood regulation an imbalance in any one of them can lead to hormonal depression or a change in mood.
People with thyroid disorders are much more likely to develop depressive symptoms.
It helps in producing the mood-regulating neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin. Excessive estrogen levels boost your mood whereas low levels might cause hormonal depression, especially in women. Deficient estrogen levels are also associated with other symptoms including foggy thinking, hot flashes, poor memory, vaginal dryness, headaches, and so on.
It is largely been associated with men but both biological sexes require testosterone for proper functioning. Low levels of these hormones can cause various symptoms including,
• Poor memory
• Increased belly fat
• Decreased body mass
Promotes calm and relaxation, but causes depression, anxiety, and irritability when not at the right levels.
Dehydroepiandrosterone is a naturally occurring hormone produced in the brain, sex glands, and adrenal glands. It’s entitled ‘The Mother of Hormones’. Its primary purpose is to lower the level of cortisol in the body so if you are experiencing depression along with elevated stress this hormone is vital.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is similar to premenstrual syndrome (PMS), but it is more severe.
Symptoms of PMDD include:
Perimenopause, the transition into menopause, can cause mood changes and may increase feelings of sadness and anxiety. During premenopause, estrogen and progesterone levels fall, which can trigger mood changes and may cause depression. Other symptoms of perimenopause, such as hot flashes, may also cause sleep problems.
Allopregnanolone is a neurosteroid, the brain produces, which naturally occurs from the breakdown of progesterone. During pregnancy, levels of allopregnanolone steadily increase up to the third trimester. After childbirth, allopregnanolone levels rapidly fall. This swift change in allopregnanolone plays a major role in postpartum depression.
Written by Sowmya R